Solid is a state of matter and there are tremendous examples of solids found on the Earth. It is not possible to list all the examples of solids in science, everyday life, or in surroundings because there are uncountable examples of them. Therefore, in this article, we will give you some basic ideas about solids so you can easily identify solids after seeing them. In this article, we will also give you the definition of solids, types of solids, and their properties along with some important examples. By knowing some common examples of them, you can identify whether the matter is solid, gas, or liquid. Let’s start without delay and know the examples of solids.
What Are The Solids?
A solid is a substance that exists in the solid state, which is one of the basic states of matter. Solid has a definite shape and volume, in contrast, liquids can change shapes, while gases can change both volume and shape. Why are solids solid? Well, the particles like atoms, ions, and molecules, in a solid are tightly packed compared to gases and liquids and this makes it solid. The arrangement may be a regular lattice called a crystal or an irregular arrangement called an amorphous solid.
The types of solids according to their arrangements are crystalline solids, polycrystalline solids, and amorphous solids. The types of solids according to the nature of their chemical bonds are Ionic solids, molecular solids, network covalent solids, and metallic solids. While types of solids according to their composition are metals, minerals, ceramics, organic solids, composite materials, semiconductors, nanomaterials, and biomaterials.
What Are The Examples Of Solids?
Here are examples of solids that make you curious to know more about solids.
10 Examples Of Solids
Everywhere in your surrounding you find solids and it may be not new to you. But, you should know about the examples of solids in everyday life so, you can identify them.
One of the common examples of flammable solids is wood. Many people use wood for burning to make their food or other things. In ancient times, the primary use of wood was to make food. Wood has a compact arrangement of particles hence it is considered solid.
Gold is also one of the commonly found solids and it is also very expensive. Its crystal structure is close-paced face-centered cubic, imagine an atom of gold at each corner of a cube and in the middle of each face. Using up 74% of the space, this is one of the most efficient ways for spheres to pack together.
One of the abundantly found solids on Earth is copper, which is considered a good conductor of electricity. It has a face-centered cubic or FCC crystal structure. Copper and its alloys have a range of yellow/gold/red colors and when polished develop a bright metallic luster.
Brass is also a solid and is made by mixing copper and zinc, in proportions that can be varied to achieve different colors and mechanical, electrical, and chemical properties, but copper typically has the larger proportion.
You might have seen bricks where the construction work is ongoing. So, bricks is also a solid material used to construct buildings, dams, etc. it is made from soil and water. Soil is also solid but water is a liquid matter.
Rocks are composed basically of grains of minerals, which are crystalline solids formed from atoms chemically bonded into an orderly structure. Some rocks also contain mineraloids, which are rigid, mineral-like substances, such as volcanic glass, that lack crystalline structure.
Chalk is used to write on boards. It is a soft, white, porous, sedimentary carbonate rock, and a form of limestone composed of the mineral calcite. Calcite is an ionic salt called calcium carbonate or CaCO3. It forms under reasonably deep marine conditions front eh gradual accumulation of minute calcite shells.
Sand is one of the good examples of solids found in nature, it is a granular material composed of finely divided mineral particles. Sand has various compositions but it is defined by its grain size. Sand grains are smaller than gravel and coarser than silt.
Steel is an alloy of several elements such as molybdenum, nickel, boron, silicon, vanadium, chromium, and manganese. Its structure is a metal structure that is made of structural steel components connected to each other to carry loads and provide rigidity. Because of the high strength f steel, these structures are reliable and require less raw material than some other types of structure such as concrete.
One of the commonly found examples of crystalline solids is salt. What is a crystalline solid? Well, crystalline solids consist of ions, atoms, and molecules arranged in a strongly ordered microscopic arrangement in consistent and repeated three-dimensional structures, forming a crystal lattice that stretches any direction.
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Is A Salt A Solid?
Salt is definitely a solid. The properties of solid, liquid and gases have been defined at particle level not at the bulk level. At particle level, the shape of minute particles of salt remain the same irrespective of the shape of the container that they are stored in.
What Are The List Of Types Of Solids?
There are 4 major types of solid: molecular, covalent network, ionic, and metallic. Let’s dive in!
What Are All 4 Types Of Solids?
The major types of solids are ionic, molecular, covalent, and metallic.
What Is A Solids 5th Grade?
In a solid, the atoms or molecules that make up the solid have such strong attractions for one another that they cannot slide past one another. They are in fixed positions but they do vibrate back and forth.
What Are Called Solids?
A solid can be defined as a substance which exists in the solid-state, which is one of the four fundamental states of matter. Solids feature closely packed atoms whose kinetic energies are much lower than those of liquids and gases.
By reading this article you got some commonly found examples of solids in detail. There are several properties of solids that make them different from gas and liquid. These properties include, a solid having a fixed shape and a fixed volume, slides can not be compressed, solids having a high density than gas and liquid, the force of attraction between the particle in a solid being very strong, and the space between the particles of solids is negligible which is easy to understand with the help of the above examples of solids.
What are 10 examples of solids